The farmland market in England proved to be resilient in 2019 with average prices holding firm, according to land and property firm Strutt & Parker.
Analysis of the Farmland Database, which records the details of all blocks of publicly marketed farmland over 100 acres in size, shows the average price of arable land in 2019 was £9,200/acre – exactly the same as in 2018. Meanwhile, the percentage of farms marketed during the first half of the year that had either sold or were under offer by the end of the year was higher than in 2018.
Matthew Sudlow, Strutt & Parker’s head of estates & farm agency, said: “The figures show that the market continued to be far more resilient than some had expected. There are a range of factors driving this including competitive bidding from lifestyle and non-farmer buyers, particularly within a hotspot ‘crescent’ comprised of Hampshire, Berkshire, Gloucestershire and Oxfordshire.
“Supply-side factors have also helped to underpin average values with the volume of farmland publicly marketed in 2019, 20% lower than the five-year average and 35% lower than in 2018.”
The volume of farmland on the open market is the second smallest amount in the past 20 years. There were fewer farms for sales in the southern half of England, but the most dramatic year-on-year fall was seen in the East of England where the acreage for sale fell from 30,200 acres in 2018 to just 8,600 acres in 2019.
“The drop in supply in the East of England has been exaggerated by a handful of very large sales in that region during 2018, but even if these are factored out then supply is noticeably down. In our experience, many sellers have held back from marketing their land, particularly during the last six months of the year, due to political and Brexit-related uncertainties.”
In total, 69,200 acres were publicly marketed in England in 2019, compared with 107,000 acres in 2018. In addition, private or off-market sales are estimated to account for 20-30% of the market for farmland.
Sudlow pointed out that average values do mask what has essentially become a multi-tiered market for farmland: “Over the past 12 months we have seen nearly a 200% difference between the lowest and highest price paid for arable land – from a low of £6,000/acre to a high of £17,500/acre.
“While demand from lifestyle and non-farmer buyers remains stable, buyers who derive their primary income from the land are taking a more cautious approach. There is still ongoing uncertainty about farm incomes, which has made many farmer buyers more reticent about borrowing against future farm profits. As a result, some high-quality commercial arable land in those regions focused on productive farming is currently achieving below average prices. However, this does mean it looks good value-for-money in the long-term.”
Over the past three years, around 30% of arable land has traded at £10,000/acre or more, while just under a quarter has sold for below £8,000/acre. The average price of pasture land sold in 2019 was £7,000/acre, down from £7,700/acre in 2018.
Looking forward, Sudlow said that while there is a chance that more land could come forward in 2020, it is unlikely supply will be above the five-year average. He said demand from non-farmer buyers is expected to remain firm and overseas buyers have also become more visible in today’s market – due in part to the weakness of Sterling.
“A phenomenon seen over the past year or so in Scotland is unprecedented demand from forestry investors for hill ground suitable for planting trees, which has seen prices rise significantly. With growing government pressure for increased woodland creation as part of climate change mitigation, we believe this could well become a growing trend in England and Wales as well.”
Overall, the expectation is for average values to remain fairly static, albeit with a significant variation in prices paid, which will be highly dependent on location. “For anyone thinking of buying or selling farmland at present, understanding the local market has never been so important. They key to securing a successful sale will lie in seeking out the right advice on who the active buyers are in your local area and beyond, and how best to market your farm to them.”
Will Whittaker, southeast region, said: “The market for farmland and estates in Kent, Surrey and Sussex has continued 2019's theme of low supplies with only 15 properties over 100 acres brought onto the open market. This is less than half the number that came to the market in 2018.”
William Morrison, southwest region said: “Despite the South West bucking the trend in acres on the market, with more acres marketed than the five-year average, premium prices from the right buyers are being achieved. Arable land continues to trade between £7,000/acre and £12,000/acre and good pasture £6,000 to £8,000/acre. However, more marginal land and farms requiring substantial investment struggle to find a buyer.”